How Ayurveda can help control diabetes

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the human body does not produce insulin or the cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This hormone is required to convert sugar, starch and other food into energy.

The desired blood sugar range should be between 70mg/dl-110mg/dl at fasting stage. If the blood sugar is more than 110mg/dl, then it’s called Hyperglycemia or Diabetes.

In Ayurveda, diabetes is known as ‘Prameha’ which means profuse urination. According to the doshas, these are classified as
Vataj prameha
Pittaj prameha
Kaphaj prameha

It is also believed that increased kapha blocks the channel of the urinary system and pancreas and is responsible for producing low tissue fire or mandh-dhatuagni which results in malformation of all the tissue in body.

The modern aspect of diabetic management is healthy diet, yoga, pranayam and ayurvedic medicine.

Common symptoms

Polyuria (frequent urination)
Polydipsia (increased thirst)
Polyphagia (increased hunger)

Classification
Type 1 or IDDM (Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) – The body produces little or no insulin so the person requires injecting insulin.
Type 2 or NIDDM (Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) – The body produces insulin but cells fail to use it.

Causes
Type-1 diabetes is generally found in children between the ages of 9-15 yrs. The exact cause of Type-1 are unknown but it’s an auto immune disorder that can be passed down through families.
Type-2 diabetes mainly involves sedentary lifestyle, intake of more sugar, lack of exercise, obesity, certain medicine, pregnancy, increased age, stress.

Treatment
As we always say, “Prevention is better than cure”. We can control high blood sugar by:

1) Change in lifestyle
2) Daily morning walk, exercise, yoga, pranayam
3) Reduction of carbohydrate in diet
4) Maintaining the healthy weight

High blood sugar needs regular medical care and blood sugar monitoring as it may lead to coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, retinopathy (disease of eye), nephropathy (disease of kidney), neuropathy (disease of nerves).

Home remedies

1) Soak about 90-100g fenugreek seeds in 250ml of water & leave it overnight. In the morning mash them and filter it to drink water.
2) Chew 3-4 leaves of jamun every morning and evening
3) Mix equal amount of turmeric and dried amla powder; drink 1 tsp on an empty stomach.
4) Practice yogasanas like Mundukasan, Surya Namaskar, Pavanmuktasan, Utthanpadasan, ArdhMatsyendrasana, Bhujangasan, Paschimothanasana, Shalbhasan.

Source: Dr. Bhawna Agarwal, Consultant (Ayurveda, Panchakarma & Yoga) Ishtayu Ayurveda Wellness Centre, Faridabad, HR

If you have a query for Dr. Bhawna Agarwal, send it to bawarchieditor@sify.com now! And don’t forget to include `Ayurveda – Dr Bhawna FAQ` in the subject line.

Image: Wikimedia Commons

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