Renata Engler, MD, allergist and ACAAI Fell said that more prepubescent males have rhinitis, asthma and food allergy than females. However, roles change. When females enter young adulthood, they outnumber men in these chronic illness categories
Why are women at higher risk for allergy and asthma post puberty? The reasons for gender-differences in disease risk and immune responses are complex and vary with age. IgG immune responses to vaccines are enhanced in women compared to men but IgE levels are actually higher in asthmatic men than in women.
The important message is that in order to improve personalized care of patients, improving understanding and impact of gender diversity on diagnosis, treatment and outcomes is needed. One size fits all is not the best approach.