Posts Tagged ‘pregnancy’

‘Eating for two’ causes excessive weight gain

Friday, February 28th, 2014

art_01_240x240A new study has found that overweight or obese women, who think that they are “eating for two”, are more likely to experience excessive weight gain while pregnant.

Cynthia Chuang from Penn State College of Medicine studied the attitudes and habits of women who gained appropriate weight and those who exceeded guidelines.

Participants in the study were asked about their diet habits, experience with morning sickness and physical activity habits during pregnancy.

Those who gained the appropriate amount of weight stuck to a meal plan and chose foods carefully. These women also had little or no increase in the amount of calories they consumed during pregnancy and exercised as much or more than they had before the pregnancy.

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Yoga enhances gynecological health: Dr. Sharma

Thursday, February 6th, 2014

Dr_02_240x240Dr. Himani Sharma has completed her Diplomate National Board (New Delhi) Obstetrics & Gynecology in 2007. For further training and experience she joined as Senior Registrar in Public Hospital at Mumbai and later also worked at Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai.

She has over 6 years of successful clinical experience after post­graduation. Her clinical specialities include maternity antenatal care, painless delivery, hysterectomy, myomectomy, infertility counsellings, treatment of polycystic ovarian disease, menstrual disorders and menopausal disorders.

Dr. Himani Sharma answered Sify readers’ queries related to the above in an exclusive chat. Read the transcript below.

Dear Doctor, I am trying for 2 child since last 1 year, but not been able to conceive. My age is 40 and have regular periods. Kindly advice
Considering the age and as you have already tried for one year, you and your husband both need to get infertility work up done.

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Smoking associated with wide range of diseases

Thursday, January 23rd, 2014

food03_240x240_jan20A new report by the US surgeon general has increased the list of diseases associated with cigarettes.

The 980-page, research-based report says smoking could cause liver and colorectal cancer, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, impaired immune function, ectopic pregnancy and erectile dysfunction, Politico reported.

In the report, acting Surgeon General Boris Lushniak described a “robust body of evidence”, which has accumulated over the past 50 years, and shown the consequences of smoking and smoke exposure across a range of diseases and organ systems.

According to the report, the risk for developing diabetes is particularly significant: as much as 40 per cent higher among smokers compared to non-smokers.

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Want stronger babies? Increase Vitamin D intake

Friday, January 17th, 2014

food_03_240x240_jan10Researchers have suggested that babies are likely to have stronger muscles if their mothers had a higher level of vitamin D in their body while they are pregnant.

In the research vitamin D levels were measured in 678 mothers in the later stages of pregnancy.

When the children were four years old, grip strength and muscle mass were measured. Results showed that the higher the levels of vitamin D in the mother, the higher the grip strength of the child, with an additional, but less pronounced association between mother’s vitamin D and child’s muscle mass.

Lead researcher Dr Nicholas Harvey, Senior Lecturer at the Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit (MRC LEU) at the University of Southampton said that these associations between maternal vitamin D and offspring muscle strength may well have consequences for later health; muscle strength peaks in young adulthood before declining in older age and low grip strength in adulthood has been associated with poor health outcomes including diabetes, falls and fractures.

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Peanut consumption by pregnant women safe for offspring

Monday, January 6th, 2014

A new study has revealed that pregnant women need not be afraid of eating peanuts, as consuming nuts may reduce allergy risk in their kids.

The study by Michael Young , MD, of Boston Children’s Division of Allergy and Immunology showed that increased peanut consumption by pregnant mothers who weren’t nut allergic was associated with lower risk of peanut allergy in their offspring.

To define the relationship between maternal diet and the development of food allergy in offspring, Young and his team analyzed large amounts of data provided by the Growing Up Today Study (GUTS).

Examining the records of 8,205 children, the researchers positively identified 140 cases of peanut or tree nut allergies. They then examined the diets of each child’s mother- specifically, peanut and nut consumption during the peri-pregnancy period and compared them with the dietary habits of pregnant women whose children did not develop a peanut allergy.

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Prenatal Exposure To Alcohol Disrupts Brain Development

Monday, December 16th, 2013

A new study has revealed that prenatal exposure to alcohol severely disrupts major features of brain development that potentially lead to increased anxiety and poor motor function, conditions typical in humans with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).

The study by neuroscientists at the University of California, Riverside, discovered that prenatal exposure to alcohol significantly altered the expression of genes and the development of a network of connections in the neocortex- the part of the brain responsible for high-level thought and cognition, vision, hearing, touch, balance, motor skills, language, and emotion- in a mouse model of FASD.

Lead author of the study Kelly Huffman said if you consume alcohol when you are pregnant you can disrupt the development of your baby’s brain.

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Include colored fruit and vegetables in salad: Nisha Singh

Monday, November 25th, 2013

Nutritionist, Nisha Singh has over 10 years of independent experience of managing various ailments through lifestyle and dietary modifications, counselling of patients, diet and meal planning.

She specialises in weight loss diets, pregnancy and post pregnancy diet plans, cardiac and lipid management, dealing with everyday diseases through dietary modification and health management of the athletes.

Nisha Singh answered Sify readers’ queries related to the above in an exclusive chat. Read the transcript below.

Which is better for health: a tsp of ghee or a tsp of butter in our daily diet?
Ghee is healthier than butter. Cow ghee being the healthiest. Butter contains saturated fats.

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Walk 30 minutes a day to prevent diabetes: Dr. Ajgaonkar

Wednesday, November 13th, 2013

Diabetologist, Dr.V. S. Ajgaonkar, has been practicing Diabetology for last 50 yrs. He is a Fellow at All India Institute of Diabetes. He has participated as Faculty Member in National and International Conferences. He has authored Diet for Diabetics and Handbook of Oral Anti Diabetic Drugs.

He encourages medical students to develop communication skills with the patients and relatives.

Dr.Ajgaonkar answered Sify readers’ queries related to the above in an exclusive chat. Read the transcript below.

What are the symptoms of diabetics and what should be the sugar level on fasting an PP?
Normal fasting should be less than 110 mg/dl after 2 hrs of lunch less than 140mg/dl.
The symptoms if occur would be like excess hunger, thirst, urination, blurred vision, repetitive change of eye glasses, frequent boils, infections and ringworms, tingling, numbness, burning of feet, cramps, aches is calves and thighs, delayed healing of wounds, itching in the private parts, etc.

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Weekly exercise by pregnant moms boost babies’ brains

Tuesday, November 12th, 2013

A new study has suggested when to-be-moms exercised for three 20-minute sessions a week, their babies’ brains showed more mature patterns of activity.

The findings have come from a randomised controlled trial in humans to show that a pregnant mother’s exercise routine can impact her baby’s brain.

Elise Labonte-LeMoyne at the University of Montreal, said that mother’s exercise also impacts their kid’s weight gain in life, the Guardian reported.

Women joined the research group in their first trimester and were randomly assigned to an exercise or a sedentary control group.

The 10 women in the exercise group cycled, walked, ran or swam for three short sessions a week. The eight women in other group were instructed not to exercise.

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Dr.Sheriar on the best method of contraception and more

Tuesday, August 6th, 2013

Dr. Nozer Sheriar is a consulting obstetrician, gynecologist and gynecological endoscopist at the Breach Candy, Hinduja Healthcare Surgical, Holy Family, Masina and Parsee general hospitals in Mumbai.

He is the secretary general of the Federation of Obstetric and Gynecological Societies of India (the national professional organisation of gynecologists with 222 societies and over 27000 members) and the ex president the Mumbai Obstetric and Gynecological Society.

He has a special interest in high risk obstetrics, hysteroscopic surgery, contraception and induced abortion.

Dr. Nozer Sheriar answered Sify readers’ queries related to the above in an exclusive chat. Read the transcript below.

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