Posts Tagged ‘smoking’

Smoking associated with wide range of diseases

Thursday, January 23rd, 2014

food03_240x240_jan20A new report by the US surgeon general has increased the list of diseases associated with cigarettes.

The 980-page, research-based report says smoking could cause liver and colorectal cancer, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, impaired immune function, ectopic pregnancy and erectile dysfunction, Politico reported.

In the report, acting Surgeon General Boris Lushniak described a “robust body of evidence”, which has accumulated over the past 50 years, and shown the consequences of smoking and smoke exposure across a range of diseases and organ systems.

According to the report, the risk for developing diabetes is particularly significant: as much as 40 per cent higher among smokers compared to non-smokers.

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Link between diets rich in animal products and cancer established

Friday, January 3rd, 2014

A new study has revealed that smoking, diets rich in animal products, and alcohol have the strongest correlations with cancer incidence rates.

This study is an ecological study in which incidence rates for the various types of cancer for males and females from 87 countries with high quality cancer incidence rate data as well as all 157 countries with cancer incidence rate data were compared statistically with indices for various risk modifying factors.

Dietary supply data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Data for various periods back to 1980 were included since there is generally a lag of up to 20 years between dietary changes and peak cancer rates.

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Weekly recommitment to help quit smoking: Study

Thursday, January 2nd, 2014

Researchers have suggested that smokers should follow a New Year’s quit with a weekly recommitment to quit that takes advantage of natural weekly cycles.

In a 2013 study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, researchers from San Diego State University, the Santa Fe Institute, The Monday Campaigns and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health monitored global Google search query logs from 2008 to 2012 in English, French, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish for searches related to quitting, such as “help quit smoking,” to examine weekly patterns in smoking cessation contemplations for the first time.

The study found that people search about quitting smoking more often early in the week, with the highest query volumes on Mondays.

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Physical inactivity, poor diet and smoking linked to disability in seniors

Friday, July 26th, 2013

An unhealthy lifestyle, characterised by physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and smoking, is associated with a greater hazard of disability” in individuals more than 65 years old, and the risk increases progressively with each additional unhealthy behavior, according to a new study.

For instance, the risk of obesity, diabetes, cancer, poor cognitive function, stroke, sudden cardiac death and mortality increases with the number of unhealthy behaviours.

Researchers from France and the UK carried out a study to investigate the relationship between unhealthy behaviours and the risk of disability over a 12-year period.

They used data from the Three-City (3C) Dijon cohort study.

Between 1999 and 2001, the study included community-dwelling older people (more than 65 years old) from the city of Dijon (France); participants were interviewed at that time about their lifestyle, including information on smoking, diet, physical activity, and alcohol drinking. They were then followed for the incidence of disability over 12 years.

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Healthy lifestyle tips to promote fertility!

Monday, July 15th, 2013

Today’s life is all about ‘speed’, but couples don’t seem to be conceiving at the same speed – the culprit being stress and anxiety leading to infertility. However, a few lifestyle modifications can increase your chances of getting pregnant. Read on…

These days, couples are seen visiting fertility clinics more often and experts opine that there is a definite link between stress and fertility. While stress and unhealthy lifestyle may lead to low sperm count in men, women experience irregular menstrual cycles and hormonal imbalance, making it difficult to have children. Experts advise that couples who do not conceive even after 12 months of contraceptive-free intercourse, should consult a specialist, especially if the woman is below the age of 34.

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Steps to prevent a stroke revealed

Wednesday, June 12th, 2013

Quitting smoke, limiting alcohol, eating more fruits and vegetables, and keeping your weight, blood pressure, and blood sugar in check, can lower your likelihood of stroke.

Still, there are eight lesser-known ways to protect yourself, based on research, ABC News reported.

Walk 20 minutes a day. We know—you work, you have kids, errands to run, dinner to make, and an episode of Real Housewives to watch, but make the time.

Even if you break it up into two 10-minute sessions, it’s worth it.

Walking a total of 2 hours a week can cut your stroke risk by 30 percent, according to a large study of nearly 40,000 women, conducted over a 12-year period.

Walk briskly (so you can talk but not sing) and your chances are reduced by almost 40 percent.

Know the difference between sad and depressed. The latter makes you 29 percent more likely to suffer from stroke, says a new study of more than 80,000 women.

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4 lifestyle changes could protect heart, reduce death risk

Tuesday, June 4th, 2013

A large, multi-center study has added more evidence in support of regular exercise, eating a Mediterranean-style diet, keeping a normal weight and, most importantly, not smoking.

The study led by Johns Hopkins researchers found that adopting those four lifestyle behaviors protected against coronary heart disease as well as the early buildup of calcium deposits in heart arteries, and reduced the chance of death from all causes by 80 percent over an eight-year period.

“To our knowledge, this is the first study to find a protective association between low-risk lifestyle factors and early signs of vascular disease, coronary heart disease and death, in a single longitudinal evaluation,” said Haitham Ahmed, M.D., M.P.H., the lead author who is an internal medicine resident with the Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease at Johns Hopkins.

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Smoking can lead to problems with fertility

Thursday, May 30th, 2013

World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is observed around the world every year on May 31.

Amongst the most deadly agents of diseases in the world today, chewing tobacco/smoking has proved to be a cause for concern, simply because it is the only death agent which is heavily promoted. If number of deaths due to tobacco consumption is anything to go by, the promotional campaigns are definitely succeeding in selling this agent of death. More than one-third adults (35%) or 274.9 million use tobacco in India. 163.7 million use only smokeless tobacco; 68.9 million are only smokers and 42.3 million users of both smoking and smokeless tobacco.

Nearly two in five adults (38%) in rural areas and one in four adults (25%) in urban areas use tobacco in some form. India is also the second largest consumer and second largest producer of tobacco in the world, second only to China. Globally 6 million people die each year due tobacco consumption-related diseases. The death toll is estimated to rise to eight million by 2030 (source:http://indiafacts.in/facts/30-cancer-deaths-in-india-due-to-tobacco-use/) .

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Smoking may cause kidney problems in teens

Wednesday, April 10th, 2013

Exposure to tobacco smoke could negatively impact kidney function in adolescents, according to a new study.

A team of researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins Children”s Center examined the association between exposure to active smoking and kidney function among U.S. adolescents and found the effects of tobacco smoke on kidney function begin in childhood.

“Tobacco use and exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke are major health problems for adolescents, resulting in short-term and long-term adverse health effects,” said Ana Navas-Acien, MD, PhD, senior author of the study and an associate professor with the Bloomberg School”s Department of Environmental Health Sciences.

“In this nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents, exposure to tobacco, including secondhand smoke and active smoking, was associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rates—a common measure of how well the kidneys are working. In addition, we found a modest but positive association between serum cotinine concentrations, a biomarker of tobacco exposure, among first-morning albumin to creatinine ratio. These findings further support the conclusion that tobacco smoke may damage the kidneys.”

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Top 10 ways to prevent diabetes

Tuesday, April 9th, 2013

Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be prevented. Whether you fall in the high-risk category for diabetes, or are simply concerned for your health, do read the top 10 ways in which you avoid getting this disease.

A healthy diet and exercise can help prevent diabetes

According to the WHO Collaborating Centre for Research, Education and Training in Diabetes, diabetes is the fourth leading cause of death in the world. This disease is of special relevance in India, as Indians tend to develop diabetes at an earlier age and at lower levels of obesity.

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