Treating freckles and sunspots
Are you in spots of trouble? Well, let’s face it. We are speaking of spots called freckles and sunspots that trouble your face and complexion. Here is more on the ‘trouble spots’, what causes them and the way to a spotless face.
What are freckles?
Freckles, seen more commonly amongst people with a fair complexion, are nothing but small spots where the pigment melanin is concentrated. In case you didn’t know, melanin is the pigment that gives color to your skin.
Why do freckles appear?
The bitter truth is that a person is genetically predisposed to getting freckles. The important point to remember, however, is that freckles are triggered by exposure to sunlight. They tend to re-appear on exposure to sunlight in case they have been previously hidden by creams or treatments. The areas where they are most commonly observed are the face and the other exposed parts of your body like your neck, shoulders etc.
Prevention of freckles
Preventing freckle from appearing is much easier than removing freckles that have already developed. Prevention measures are mostly aimed at avoiding the sun.
- Do not step out without applying sunscreen with SPF 30 or more.
- Try using of wide-brimmed hats to protect your face.
- Wear clothes with long sleeves which will cover your hands and slip into full pants if you are prone to develop freckle on your legs.
- Try and avoid the sun during peak hours – between 10 am and 4 pm, unless it is really important. And if you absolutely have to go out, then follow the above mentioned precautions.
As your skin lacks the much-needed photo protective melanin that protects your skin from sun damage, it makes you more prone to skin cancers and other skin conditions arising due to overexposure to the sun.
What are sunspots?
Sunspots are a result of over exposure to excessive sunlight. Also called age spots, these sunspots are a form of hyperpigmentation. Over exposure to sun’s rays over the years leads to the appearance of sunspots. They are small, black spots often seen on the back of the hand, face, feet and other areas exposed to the sun. Sunspots do not fade during winter, like freckles. They persist for long periods of time.
Bleaching cream – These creams do not burn a hole in your pocket and at the same time they get rid of your sunspots quite easily. However, request your dermatologist to prescribe one as the over-the-counter bleaching creams are not known to be very effective.
Laser surgery – This might be a tad bit expensive. However, if the large unattractive marks are stopping you from stepping out, this might be an option. Usually two or more sessions is required to eliminate the spots. In addition, make sure that you visit a reputed dermatologist for best results.
Microdermabrasion – This is a process where a cream containing abrasive substances is applied to exfoliate the skin. Microdermabrasion helps reduce the severity of the sunspots. This method will also require more than one sitting and is available at several spas.
Sunscreen – While stepping out of the house make sure to apply a sunscreen lotion with SPF 15 or higher. Wear long clothes – like long skirts, full pants and long sleeve shirts.
Home remedies – There are a few home remedies which can minimize the appearance of sunspots.
- Apple cider vinegar is said to have healing as well as exfoliating properties. Mix one teaspoon of onion juice with one teaspoon of apple cider vinegar and apply it on the affected area. Do this regularly for two weeks and you will see the difference.
- Aloe Vera, often called the ‘miracle plant,’ is also very effective. Apply the juice on the sunspots at least twice a day.
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